International Conference on Computational Photography

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

May 4 - 6, 2018

Rethinking structured light
Kyros Kutulakos (University of Toronto)

May 4, 11:00am

Abstract: Even though structured-light triangulation is a decades-old problem, much remains to be discovered about it---with potential ramifications for computational imaging more broadly.

I will focus on two specific aspects of the problem that are influenced by recent developments in our field. First, programmable coded-exposure sensors vastly expand the degrees of freedom of an imaging system, essentially redefining what it means to capture images under structured light. I will discuss our efforts to understand the theory and expanded capabilities of such systems, and to build custom CMOS sensors that realize them. Second, I will outline our recent work on turning structured-light triangulation into an optimal encoding-decoding problem derived from first principles. This opens the way for adaptive systems that can learn on their own how to optimally control their light sources and sensors, and how to convert the images they capture into accurate 3D geometry.

Speaker bio: Kyros Kutulakos is a Professor of Computer Science at the University of Toronto. He received his PhD degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1994 and his BS degree from the University of Crete in 1988, both in Computer Science. Kyros has been a pioneer in the area of computational light transport, developing theoretical tools and computational cameras to analyze light propagation in real-world environments. He is the recipient of an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, an Ontario Premier's Research Excellence Award, a Marr Prize in 1999, a Marr Prize Honorable Mention in 2005, and four other paper awards (CVPR 1994, ECCV 2006, CVPR 2014, CVPR 2017). He was Program Co-Chair of CVPR 2003 and ICCV 2013, and also served as Program Co-Chair of the second ICCP conference back in 2010.

Molecular navigation for cancer diagnosis and surgery - Imaging tumors and nerves
Quyen Nguyen (UC San Diego)

May 5, 11:00am

Abstract: Although treatment algorithms vary, surgery is the primary treatment modality for most solid cancers. The fundamental goal of a curative oncologic surgery is complete cancer removal but equally important from the patient’s point of view is function preservation and pain control. Currently, there is an increasing trend to adopt minimally invasive technologies such as endoscopic and robotic surgery in order to decrease patient morbidity. However, the ability for surgeons to distinguish between normal and diseased tissue by texture or consistency is significantly reduced with these techniques (due to lack of ability to physically touch the tissue) and is limited to visual inspection alone. Using white light reflectance which is the current standard mode of illumination in operating rooms, the visual difference between normal and cancerous tissue can be imperceptible. The inability of surgeons to visually distinguish between tumor and normal tissue leads to residual cancer cells left behind at the edges of resection, i.e. positive surgical margins and can be as high as 20-40% in breast cancer lumpectomy, 21% for radical prostatectomy, and 13% for HNSCC.

Molecular imaging with fluorescence provides enhanced visual definition between diseased and normal tissue and have been shown to decrease PSM in both animal models and patients. Molecular imaging with fluorescence can also provide enhanced visualization of important structures such as nerves to improve preservation and minimize inadvertent injury. Our laboratory has extensive experience in development of both nerve and tumor injectable markers for surgical visualization. In presentation we will discuss the development of nerve and tumor markers combinations to improve intraoperative visualization – aka color-coded surgery.

Speaker bio: Dr. Nguyen is a Professor in the Department of Surgery at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). She received her combined MD/PhD degree from Washington University, School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO. She completed her General Surgery Internship at Barnes Jewish Hospital in St. Louis and residency in Head and Neck Surgery and subspecialty fellowship training in Neurotology/Skull Base Surgery at UCSD. She is board certified in both Head and Neck Surgery and Neurotology/Skull Base Surgery and is the fellowship director for the ACGME accredited fellowship in Neurotology/Skull Base Surgery at UCSD.

Her clinical practice is at UCSD Health Systems where she cares for patients with diseases of the facial nerve, ear and skull base. She has subspecialty interest in facial nerve reanimation and supportive procedures for patients with facial paralysis including nerve substitutions, cross facial, platinum eyelid weight placement, lower lid ectropion repair, brow ptosis repair and temporalis tendon transfer. Additionally, she is also able to provide non-surgical options including botox and fillers to support patients with facial paralysis. She also specializes in hearing restoration surgeries including cochlear implantation.

Dr. Nguyen’s interest in molecular imaging for surgical navigation began during her fellowship at UCSD where she collaborated with Dr. Roger Tsien (1952-2016), Nobel Laureate, Chemistry 2008. She has been awarded the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE, April 2014). The Presidential Award is the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on outstanding scientists and engineers beginning their independent careers.

Seeing the underwater world through the eyes of animals
Sönke Johnsen (Duke University)

May 6, 11:00am

Abstract: The appearance of visual scenes and the information that can be extracted from them naturally depends on the characteristics of the sensor. Animal visual systems vary significantly in a number of functional parameters including: spatial and temporal resolution, spectral sensitivity and dimensionality of color space, and the ability to discriminate both linear and circular polarization. Our position as humans is both privileged and limited in that we have very high spatial resolution, but limited spectral range, relatively poor color vision, and no useful polarization sensitivity. Therefore our view, and the view of many of our imaging systems, is not typically representative of what other animals see. Computational power and our knowledge of animal visual systems has now risen to the point where we can model how the world looks to other species, which has opened doors to further investigation in multiple fields, both basic and applied. This talk uses several examples from the marine world to make the general point that how an animal (or a human) sees the world profoundly affects how it can interact with it.

Speaker bio: Originally trained in mathematics and art, Sönke Johnsen has studied camouflage, signaling, and non-human visual modalities for the last 30 years. He is particularly interested in vision and camouflage in the open ocean, but has also worked on coastal and terrestrial species, magnetoreception, nocturnal illumination, and human cataracts. His research combines mathematical analyses with behavioral and morphological studies and in situ measurements and observations. His field work primarily involves open-ocean research cruises that use SCUBA and deep-sea submersibles. In addition to exploring the evolution and diversity of the optical and visual tricks that animals perform, Professor Johnsen is interested in improving communication between theoretical and experimental scientists, biologists and physicists, and scientists and artists. Outreach is a strong focus, and Johnsen’s research has been presented in numerous magazines, newspapers and television shows. Professor Johnsen has also written two books, The Optics of Life and Visual Ecology, and is currently working on a third for a lay audience. In his spare time, he is an avid nature photographer and amateur farmer.